1to1 recognises that a large part of the current and continued unequal spatial development of our cities lies in the manner in which we see, make and run our cities.
OTHER NAMES: SPATIAL INJUSTICE, GEOGRAPHICAL INEQUALITY, LOCATION DISCRIMINATION, SPATIAL APARTHEID
Spatial Inequality refers to the uneven distribution or access given to socially valued resources and opportunities based on location in space or boundaries set by such conditions.
It is considered easy to identify areas that are negatively affected by Spatial Inequality, but due to the systemic and long term nature of the underlying processes that cause this – it is often difficult to clearly identify the root cause that produce spatial unequal urban patterns.
Spatial Inequality is not a causality of development, but a (often biased or prejudiced) result of how cities and regions are planned and governed and where resources and opportunities are allocated.
The most common factors shaping locational and spatial discrimination are recognised to be economic level, race, religion, culture or gender.
In South Africa the legacy of colonial and Apartheid planning have set patterns of spatial development that fundamentally remain in place today, but newer forms of spatial inequality are manifesting post-1994 along lines of gentrification, urban sprawl and housing/land access.
Alexandra Township in context to Sandton, Johannesburg: Unequal Scenes – Johnny Miller
We believe that each user/resident of a city has a role to play in shaping the collective spaces that make up our urban centers – and we strive to work with this latent social capital that exists within all of us.
We have developed our organisation to be effective across the various scales of social impact in our cities, but focus on the grass-roots level of engagement,: the neighborhood scale.
We hope to one day live in a South Africa where our cities are, and continue to be, spatially equitable, while all who live have equal spatial opportunities.
OTHER NAMES: URBAN EQUITY, GEOGRAPHICAL JUSTICE, URBAN JUSTICE
Spatial Justice as a concept connects the idea of social justice to urban space.
Spatial Justice focuses the spatial aspects of the places we live, work and play in, to the spatial dimensions of politics that govern. us.
It can be used as a framework for action and a tool for urban development, but most importantly it connects the idea of Social Justice to Space (our neighborhoods, our towns and our cities).
The understanding that inequality/injustice manifests most clearly into space and the efforts to address this unbalance aim to achieve spatial equity by re-distributing/adjusting the causes of the unjustness.
we focus our energy towards spatial justice in our cities by addressing:
non-effective use of government policies
South Africa has some of the most progressive urban policies in the world – yet we struggle to implement them effectively or at scale. There is a cross-sectoral lack of focus on national policy being implemented at a local level.
grass-roots exclusion in development
Those most affected by the effects of spatial ineqaulity are largely excluded from the developmental processes that seek to benefit them – often to the detriment of the project outcome.
stigma of ‘density’ & ‘informality’
There exists a pervasive and dangerous set of stigmas and biases against those that live in spatially marginalized areas – these are often described through the conflated and misused terms of informality, density or under blanketed ideas of poverty.
the systemic legacy of colonial & apartheid planning
South Africa’s current spatial form is largely due to the legacy of over 400+ years of unequal and unbalanced development based on colonial and Apartheid urban logics.
effects of urban sprawl & non-optimal land use
Our current (and global) patterns of urban development (seen in patterns of urban sprawl and land use) are no sustainable and often compound the legacy of the colonial and Apartheid city.
lack of spatial practitioners & training
There is an evident lack of professional and on-professionalized practitioners with the understanding or experience of the challenge at hand in the Built Environment Sector.
Kliptown, Johannesburg: Unequal Scenes – Johnny Miller
Our Guiding Voices
Image: 1to1 co-founder, Mohau Melani
Want to volunteer?
1to1 has a long tradition of supporting those who would like to enter or get involved in this field of work as interns, volunteers or project specific work contracts.
Want to work with us?
1to1 is always open to work with new collaborators and partners across academic, civil, private or governmental sectors.
Grass-roots entities are welcome to contact us to discuss support.