1to1 has used the ASF UK Challenging Practice course to introduce the principles of critical reflection, systems design and empathetic design for Built Environment Practitioners and Government officials in Johannesburg.

Challenging Practice is a short course methodology that exposes practitioners of the built environment to the complexity of working with communities, government agencies and other spatial stakeholders through an intensive two-day action learning process. This course was developed by Architecture Sans Frontieres (http://www.asf-uk.org/programmes/challenging-practice ).


Challenging practice is an independent-learning programme that seeks to enable built environment practitioners to engage reflexively with the challenges of inclusive and sustainable urban development. Challenging practice is based on principles of active, dynamic, action-based learning. The programme is grounded in theories of situated knowledge and reflective practice, and places a strong emphasis on the ethical component of action-learning.